U.S. black population sees dramatic growth
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The black population of the United States grew almost three times as fast as the white populace in the decade of the 1990s, according to U.S. Census reports released Monday.
Whites remain the largest racial group in the country, but blacks increased 16 percent from 1990 to 2000 -- faster than the total U.S. population, which grew 13 percent.
The white population increased only 6 percent.
In 2000, 211 million people reported themselves as "white alone," accounting for 75 percent of the U.S. population. Those who reported themselves as "black only" numbered 35 million people, or 12 percent of the population.
An additional 2 million people said they were black and at least one other race. Within this group, the most common racial combination was black and white, making up 45 percent of the pairings.
The majority of whites live in the South and the Midwest. More than half of them live in 10 states: California, Texas, New York, Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, New Jersey and North Carolina.
The majority of blacks -- about 19 million -- live in the South, an increase of 3 million people since 1990. All 10 states in the South had black populations of more than 1 million each.
It is New York, however, that has the largest number of blacks -- making up 3 million of its residents.
"We expected the numbers in the South to be high because that has been a general trend over the years," said Jesse McKinnon of the U.S. Census Bureau. "Blacks tended to reside in the South at least over the last 30 or 40 years."
The regions with the highest percentage of whites are the Midwest with 84 percent and the Northeast with 78 percent.
The percentage of whites in all regions dropped slightly in the 1990s -- 5 percent in the Northeast, 3 percent in the Midwest, 4 percent in the South, and 7 percent in the West.
Among places with populations of 100,000 or more, Livonia, Michigan, has the highest proportion of whites. They make up 97 percent of the residents.
Gary, Indiana, has the highest percentage of blacks at 85 percent, followed by Detroit with 83 percent.
"Gary, Indiana has consistently been at the top in terms of the proportion where blacks are concentrated," McKinnon said.
New York City has the largest number of both whites and blacks -- 4 million and 2 million respectively.
Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston, each has white populations of between 1 million and 2 million people.
After New York, Chicago has the largest number of blacks -- 1 million. It is followed by Detroit with 775,000 and Philadelphia with 655,000.
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